What Are The Different Types Of Coffee Roasts? – Explained With Coffee Roasting Temperature Chart

After your day’s work, you are relaxing and having coffee, that sip is very important.

A good cup of coffee will boost up your mood in a moment but a bad cup will ruin it.

When you buy ground beans for you, you usually check what roast it is. The choice of roast may have come to you for your likeness or others. When different types of coffee roasts exist, using the perfect roast for coffee is most important.

Sometimes a question may pop up in your mind, what are the different types of coffee roasts?

different types of coffee roasts
Different Types of Coffee Roasts

Here we will explain to you simply the coffee roasts type with coffee roasting temperature chart, just to enhance your knowledge a bit.

The ‘coffea’ plant gives us seeds which we call “beans”. The newly ripped fresh beans are called “Green Beans”. At this stage they are unroasted.

The roasting process changes the taste of the coffee. Moreover, the chemical reaction which occurs during the process also changes the amount of caffeine, acids, sugar, etc. The weight of the beans also decreases as the moisture dries out.

Usually, people buy roasted beans and the commercial companies sell accordingly. But sometimes people by green beans to roast them at home. Some people do that as a hobby of them or other purposes.

different types of roasting
Coffee Roasting

Different Types of Coffee Roasts and Coffee Roasting Temperature Chart

Roast TypeNameHeatCharacteristicsColorCaffeine
UnroastedGreen Beans72 °F (22 °C)Good for 12–18 months
(climate-controlled environment)
 Drying Phase329 °F (165 °C)moisture content evaporates
signifying the first crack
Light Green 
Light RoastCinnamon Roast385 °F (196 °C)Underdeveloped Sweetness,
prominent toasted grain,
grassy flavors,
sharp acidity prominent,
at first crack
Very Light BrownHigh
 New England Roast401 °F (205 °C)preferred roast for specialty roasters,
highlights origin characteristics,
complex acidity
Moderate Light Brown 
Medium Roast  American Roast410 °F (210 °C)Acidity is slightly muted,
origin character still preserved
Medium Light BrownMedium
 City Roast426 °F (219 °C)common for most specialty coffee.
Good for tasting origin character,
noticeable roast character.
Medium Brown 
Dark RoastFull City Roast437 °F (225 °C)dry to tiny droplets or faint patches of oil,
prominent roast character the second crack begins,
fully developed body
Medium-Dark BrownLow
 Vienna Roast446 °F (230 °C)light surface oil,
more bittersweet,
caramel flavor,
acidity muted.
middle of the second crack.
origin characteristics eclipsed
Moderate Dark Brown 
 French Roast464 °F (240 °C)shiny with oil
deep caramel undertones
acidity diminished
end of the second crack
dominant Roast character
little of the inherent aroma or flavors remain
Dark BrownVery Low
Italian Roast473 °F (245 °C)burnt tones become more distinct,
acidity nearly eliminated, thin body
Nearly Black and Shiny
Coffee Roasting Temperature Chart
types of coffee roast
Types of Coffee Roasts

Okay. Now we know different types of roasting and some details about them. Let’s have a very quick look at furthermore details of different types of coffee roasts especially flavor.

 Roast LevelSurfaceFlavor
Higher acidity,
No obvious roast flavors.
MediumDryCaramelized sugars,
Acidity muted,
Some roast flavor imposed.
DarkShinyProminent bittersweet flavors,
Evident aromas and flavors of roast,
Little origin character.

We learned a lot (actually just basics) about roasting.

Now, let’s find out more about home roasting.

Roasting coffee at home was very common until the earlier 20th century. After that, roasted coffee commercialized vastly and the necessity became a hobby but a very popular hobby. 

The history of home roasting coffee (with evidence) leads us back to the 15th century. In, Ottoman Empire and Greater Persia people used the circular, thin metal pan for home roasting. As the tool was very small, only a small amount of coffee could be roasted with those pans.

Around 1650, in Cairo, appeared metal made cylinder roaster. After that, quickly French, Dutch, and Italian variations appeared.

types of roasting
Coffee Roasting In Pan

How To Roast Coffee Beans At Home

Why home roasting is more attractive?

  • To enjoy fresh and flavorful coffee
  • To experiment with various roasting methods
  • To experiment with various types of beans (high quality or unique flavor)
  • The perfection of the roasting process (mostly personal satisfaction)
  • Last but not the least, to save some money. Buying green beans is less costly than buying roasted ones. The money-saving figure is around 25% – 50%.

Now, if you wanna roast your coffee home sometimes, that would be cool. Trying a new thing is always exciting.

Coffee Home Roasting Equipment

  • Oven
    • Less costly
    • Difficult to maintain perfect roasting stage
  • Stove
    • The classic way to roast
    • Slightly difficult to maintain lighter and medium roast
  • Popcorn Maker
    • Roasts Quickly
    • Easy to use
  • Home coffee roaster machine
    • Very easy to use (as of build for roasting purpose only)
    • Easily maintain the ‘Perfect’ roasting stage

Now, you can pick one of those. The first three (oven, stove, popcorn maker) will save your money a little bit but wouldn’t give you the desired result.

With the best home coffee roaster, you will get the perfect result you wish for. Moreover, it is not that much costly.

If you wanna try another way, you can also check for perfect over, stove, or popcorn maker for home coffee roasting.

We have decided the equipment to roast coffee beans. Now, we need the main ingredient, green coffee beans.

Choosing the best green coffee beans for home roasting is not difficult at all. You can simply purchase the best green coffee beans from online or grocery stores.

green coffee beans for roasting
Green Coffee Beans

Now that we have everything we need; we can start roasting.

Before you start roasting, you need to remember light roast contains more caffeine and dark roast the less. It decreases with the roast.

Caffeine is the inseparable part of coffee. Caffeine (in coffee) has good numbers of health benefits with some side effects. Caffeine level also depends on coffee-making methods.

Enough with that. Back to the point of roasting.

We have already discussed earlier the characteristics of different types of coffee roasts. You just need to remember them when doing manually. With an automatic home roaster machine, you are all set.

The observe list for home roasting

  • Green to Yellow
  • First Crack
  • First Roasted Stage (Light Roast)
  • Medium Roast
  • Second Crack
  • Dark Roast
  • Darker Roast

After roasting, you need to cool them off. You can cool them naturally. Spread them in a sheet and keep for a few hours. Or you can use any fan to cool them off.

It’s done!!

Roasting is done, you can now make coffee. But before brewing them you obviously need to grid them. You can use a coffee maker with grinder to just do it automatically. Or, you can use a good coffee grinder to grind the beans and then make your desired coffee. If you do not have any grinder, that’s also fine. There are several ways of grinding them without a grinder.

Newly roasted beans keep fresh for around five days naturally. You can also preserve them in a boxed container or vacuum container.

Enjoy your coffee!! 

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