You just can’t simply find out a huge number of people who don’t drink coffee. It’s very rare.
But the rarest is who actually knows the story of the coffee beans and their types.
“Coffea” is one species of plant that produces coffee beans. Coffee fruits are mainly berry. The processed seeds of the fruits are the ones we call the beans.
Different species of coffea, produce different types of coffee beans.
A perfect cup of coffee depends on different coffee beans types and their nature to a great degree.
Most of the time, we brew beans in hot water and make coffee to drink. Sometimes in other ways.
Different Coffee Beans Types Names
We can sort coffee beans in various categories, based on different parameters. Like, we can sort them on roast level or we can sort them on grind type and others.
But the main difference comes from plants.
There are several types of coffee beans based on plants. Two of them are considered the primary category.
Coffee – Arabica
Low caffeine, Delicious, Aromatic are the words for arabica coffee. Arabica is considered a higher quality of beans.
You will be surprised to know, around 60 – 80% of the coffee produced in the world is arabica.
Arabica coffee is produced form the plant “Coffea Arabia”, one of the species of coffea plant, which is also known as Arabian Coffee.
In the 12th Century, coffee arabica plant was found and documented in Yemen. The origin of the plant is believed in the highlands of Ethiopia, from where the history of coffee started.
Coffee – Robusta
Another type of coffee beans, which is strong in strength and contains more caffeine, named by robusta coffee.
Around 20-40% of the world’s coffee produced is robusta.
The origin of the Robusta coffee plant is in Saharan Africa. The plant has another name, ‘Coffea Canephora’.
The most prominent difference in arabica coffee vs robusta coffee is the presence of caffeine content.
Arabica beans contain 0.8–1.4% caffeine depending on species. On the other hand, Robusta beans contain 1.7–4% caffeine.
There is another major difference robusta coffee vs arabica is the amount of sugar. Where arabica contains 6-9% sugar, robusta contains 3-7%.
Almost 70 countries in the world produce coffee bean plants. Let’s have a quick look at top coffee producing countries with the type of coffee they produce –
- Vietnam – Robusta
- Indonesia – Robusta & Arabica
- Brazil – Arabica
- India – Arabica & Robusta
- Colombia – Arabica
- Ethiopia – Arabica
- Uganda – Arabica & Robusta
There are some other types of coffee beans based on plants which are subspecies of arabica and robusta. They are mainly produced for commercial purposes.
Produced mostly in the Philippines, a variant of coffee arabica plant. The originality of the plants in the area of western and central Africa. Country-wise it covers Liberia to Uganda and Angola. Later the Philippines, Indonesia, Malaysia, and others started producing it.
A member of the liberica family. In the past, Coffea excelsa was considered as separate species. But it was reclassified as synonyms for Coffea liberica later. Coffea excelsa is very rare.
Blue Mountain Coffee
This type of coffee grows on ‘Blue Mountain’ in Jamaica. Also, a variant of arabica coffee. In 1728, Jamaican Blue Mountain Coffee was introduced. Blue mountain coffee lacks bitterness. And the flavor is mild. Jamaican Blue Mountain Coffee is highly expensive, and the fun fact is, Japan imports 80% of them.
Produces mostly in Reunion Island (overseas department and region of the French Republic) in the Indian Ocean. Though, the origin of bourbon coffee is in Yemen. This is another variant of arabica.
You would be surprised to know, there are more than 100 species of coffea exist. Different coffee beans types acts differently. Like, some of the plants naturally contains very small amount of coffee. They are know as low caffeine coffee.
As we mentioned earlier, 70 countries produce coffee. Based on the production quantity, a list of top coffee-producing countries (Data: International Coffee Organization) –
High Quality Coffee Beans Types
Like all other agricultural products, the quality of coffee also depends on the plants, soils, weather, and other agricultural factors. From that perspective, some countries are considered to have the height quality of beans.
- Costa Rica
- The Arabian Peninsula
Coffee beans are the most important part of making coffee. The whole process of coffee planting, picking, and processing is done very carefully.
Each type of coffee plants and their beans have unique taste and value.
Hawaii & California produce coffee, only two states of the United States.
We hope, we have been able to serve a little bit of information about different coffee beans types while you enjoying your coffee.