If you’ve never had pour over coffee, then you’re missing out on one of life’s great pleasures. But what is pour over coffee? Pour over coffee is a slow, sensual experience that is the perfect way to start your day. Here’s everything you need to know about pour over coffee, from the equipment you’ll need to the different brewing techniques you can try.
What Is Pour Over Coffee?
Pour over coffee is a type of brewed coffee that involves pouring hot water over coffee grounds that are contained in a filter. The hot water extracts the flavors from the coffee grounds (with the help of gravity), and the resultant brew is then collected in a carafe or mug. Pour over coffee brewing can be performed using a simple cone-shaped filter, or it can be done using a more complex system that includes a stand and kettle.
Pour over coffee has become increasingly popular in recent years due to its clean taste and relatively quick brewing time when compared to other methods like the French press or Chemex. When performed correctly, pour over coffee brewing can produce a cup of coffee that is both deliciously aromatic and full-flavored.
The Inception Of Pour Over Coffee
The exact origins of pour-over coffee are not attributed to a single inventor, as the brewing method has evolved over time. However, pour-over coffee as a brewing technique has been used for centuries in various cultures around the world.
The modern pour-over coffee method, as we know it today, gained popularity in the early 20th century. One notable figure associated with the development of pour-over coffee is Melitta Bentz, a German housewife. In 1908, Melitta was searching for a way to brew a cleaner cup of coffee, free from the bitter sediments and oils present in other brewing methods of the time. She invented a paper filter system by puncturing holes in a brass pot and placing a piece of blotting paper from her son’s schoolbook on it. Melitta’s design formed the basis for the first pour-over coffee brewer and led to the establishment of the Melitta brand, which is still prominent today.
Since then, various pour-over brewing devices have been introduced, such as the Chemex, Hario V60, Kalita Wave, and many others. These devices have brought further innovation and refinement to the pour-over coffee method, expanding its popularity and appeal among coffee enthusiasts.
Interesting Facts About Pour Over Coffee
Brewing Method: Pour-over coffee is a manual brewing method that involves pouring hot water over coffee grounds placed in a filter. The water slowly drips through the grounds and filter, extracting the flavors and oils
Control and Precision: Pour-over brewing offers a high level of control over various brewing parameters, including water temperature, pouring technique, and brew time. This allows coffee enthusiasts to fine-tune their brewing process and customize the taste of their coffee
Chemex Invention: The Chemex brewer, a popular pour-over device, was invented by Dr. Peter Schlumbohm in 1941. Its elegant design, resembling an hourglass-shaped glass flask, has made it an iconic brewing method
Paper Filters: Most pour-over brewers utilize paper filters that help clarify the coffee and remove any sediments or oils. The filters contribute to a clean and crisp cup of coffee
Bloom Phase: Pour-over brewing involves a bloom phase, where a small amount of water is initially poured over the coffee grounds to allow them to degas. This helps release trapped carbon dioxide and enhances the extraction process
Brew Ratios: Different pour-over methods and personal preferences can dictate the ideal coffee-to-water ratios. Common ratios range from 1:15 to 1:17 (coffee to water), although they can be adjusted based on desired strength
Pouring Techniques: Pouring techniques play a crucial role in pour-over brewing. Methods like the classic “pulse pouring” or the “continuous pour” allow for controlled water flow, agitation, and extraction
Brewing Devices: Besides the Chemex, other popular pour-over devices include the Hario V60, Kalita Wave, AeroPress, and Bee House. Each has its own unique design and characteristics that can influence the brewing process and flavor
Single Origin Coffee: Pour-over brewing is often favored for highlighting the unique flavors of single origin coffees. The clarity and precision of the method allow the intricate tasting notes of the coffee to shine through
Ritual and Experience: Pour-over brewing is not just about the coffee; it’s also about the experience. Many coffee enthusiasts enjoy the hands-on process, the aroma of freshly ground coffee, and the meditative aspect of carefully pouring water and observing the brewing process
How To Brew Pour Over Coffee?
One of the great things about pour over coffee is that it’s relatively easy to make once you have the proper equipment. All you need is a filter, some freshly ground coffee, and hot water.
To brew pour over coffee, simply follow these steps:
- Heat your water to between 195-205 degrees Fahrenheit. Bring your water to a boil and then let it sit for 30 seconds before beginning to brew. This will ensure that your water isn’t too hot, which can scald the grounds and ruin your brew
- Place your filter into your brewing cone and wet it with hot water. This will help to remove any papery taste from the filter as well as preheat your cone so that your brew remains at a consistent temperature throughout the process
- Add your freshly ground coffee to the filter and give it a gentle shake so that the grounds are evenly distributed
- Begin slowly pouring hot water into the filter in a circular motion, being sure to saturate all of the grounds evenly. Once all of the water has been added, allow the brew to drip into your carafe or mug for 3-4 minutes
- Enjoy! Try adding milk or sugar if desired
Now that you know how to brew pour over coffee, here are a few tips to help you make an even better cup:
- Use filtered or purified water for the best results. This will help to ensure that your final brew isn’t tainted by any unwanted flavors from your tap water
- Make sure that your grounds are ground fresh just before brewing. This will ensure optimal flavor extraction during brewing
- Pre-wetting your paper filter will help remove any papery taste as well as preheat your brewing cone so that your final brew remains at a consistent temperature throughout the extraction
- Be careful not to scald the grounds by using water that is too hot; this can lead to bitterness in the final cup
- When pouring hot water into the filter, pour slowly and evenly in order to saturate all of the grounds evenly; this will help ensure an even extraction during brewing”
Brewing pour over coffee may seem like a daunting task, but it’s actually quite simple once you have the proper equipment and know what you’re doing! By following these tips, you’ll be able to make delicious pour over coffee at home in no time!