You love to drink at least 2 or 3 cups of coffee every day. You know there are many types of coffee out there in the coffee shop. However, you still don’t get why people never consider an espresso as a coffee. They just called it espresso.
Well, it is not an offense that you don’t know the reason. People often overlook those things which are difficult to understand. They like to remember simple things. Today, I am going to tell you espresso beans vs coffee beans. Because both drinks contain caffeine and the seed comes from the Coffee plant. You will know from the seed processing until the grinding of those beans. So, grab your favorite cup of coffee and start reading.
Difference between espresso beans and coffee beans
|Topic||Espresso Beans||Coffee Beans|
|Roast||Dark or Medium||Light, Medium and Dark|
|Grind Size||Mostly fine||Coarse, Medium and Fine|
|Brewing Time||30 seconds||4 minutes or more|
|Thickness of Brew||Thicker than regular||Not thicker|
|Taste||Bitter than regular||Less bitter|
The above table shows information about espresso vs coffee beans. The difference between espresso vs coffee beans can be simplified in one line. Espresso beans are roasted dark or medium-dark. Light, medium, and dark roasted beans can use for regular coffee.
The grind size of the coffee beans can vary in a wide range as coarse, medium-coarse, and fine. On the other hand, espresso beans are usually fine ground.
A significant difference between coffee and espresso bean is caffeine content. Regular coffee beans contain 40mg caffeine per 100g ground coffee, but espresso coffee beans contain 212mg caffeine per 100g ground coffee. This means espresso has more caffeine content. A shot of espresso coffee contains 51.3 Mg/Fl.Oz. caffeine.
Even every day, we intake more regular coffee than espresso. Brewing espresso takes 30 seconds, but regular coffee takes 4 minutes to more times to brew. Espresso drink is thicker with a foam layer on top of the drink. Regular coffee is liquid as simple as drinking water. Espresso tastes bitterer than regular coffee.
Espresso beans are none other beans but the beans from the Coffee plant. It is the same bean as the coffee bean. You can use both Arabica and Robusta coffee beans for espresso. Remember one point, make the beans darker roast whatever the beans you use for espresso.
Darkly roasted beans contain a high amount of coffee oil. This oil helps to create creamy foam on the espresso drink. This oil droplet also holds the aromatic compounds into the foam.
Espresso drinks contain more caffeine than the other coffee drink per unit volume. Since the serving size of the espresso drink is smaller than others, you consumed less caffeine. The amount of caffeine depends on a few parameters such as bean origin, roasting process, brewing method, and serving size.
What beans are good for espresso?
The beans of espresso are not limited, you can use any coffee beans. Similarly, the roasting of espresso beans also has wide ranges. Most people like to use Robusta coffee beans because of their high caffeine content. You can also use Arabica coffee beans if it has a darker roast.
Dark roasted beans have the least acidity and high natural oil. You need finely ground coffee for espresso drinks. Finely ground coffee helps to produce crema with high pressure. This foam preserves oil droplets inside them so that you can get the highest level of flavor.
Espresso Brewing Method
The espresso brewing process is easy because the espresso machines do the hard part. This method takes 30 seconds to brew. Over extraction taste as bitter whether the under extraction taste as sour. The beans to make espresso should be finely ground. This is the prerequisite.
- First, put the ground coffee in the metal filter basket known as portafilter.
- Then, tamp and clear the excess coffee ground from the portafilter before place in the grouphead.
- After that, let brew your coffee at 190°-194°F (88°-90°C) temperature with 9-15 bars pressure to get the foam emulsion as crema.
- Collect the brewed coffee into a preheated cup. Now, your shot of espresso is ready to drink. Add milk and sugar according to your taste.
The seeds of coffee are known as coffee beans. Coffea plants are flowering small trees or shrubs. The plant produces red or purple fruits known as coffee. Every fruit has two beans inside that are known as coffee beans. Across the world, there are more than 120 species of the coffee plant. Among all, only two kinds of coffee plants become popular in producing coffee beans. These are Arabica and Robusta.
Arabica coffee beans use 60-80% over the world because of its sweet taste. Whereas, Robusta coffee beans use around 20-40% because of its higher caffeine content. The amount of caffeine in Robusta is 1.7-4% found. On the other hand, Arabica contains less amount of caffeine is 0.8-1.4%.
Coffee fruits are always hand-picked when ripen. Then, there are two ways of processing the fruits to get the seeds. One process called the washed process where the flesh of the fruit removes from the bean. Then, soak seeds in the water for two days to ferment. After that, clean those seeds with water. Another process is called dry processing. It is a cheap and easy process. At first, separate twigs and other objects from the fruits. Then, let fruits dry in the sun for 2-3 weeks. These processed seeds of coffee are known as green coffee.
The next step is roasting the beans of coffee. The green beans send to the roaster. In the roaster, the first state is absorbing the heat. Then, it goes to the state of giving off the heat at 347°F (175°C). During this process, the weight of coffee beans decreased around 15-18%. The bean getting bigger sized because of the expansion of the cellulose structure. There is more roasting process in other countries as their own.
There are four kinds of roasting – light roast, medium roast, medium-dark roast, and dark roast. You can roast your best coffee beans on your own with ordinary kitchen equipment such as a frying pan, oven, and popcorn popper. All you need is, buy green coffee beans from the sellers. After roasting, you need to grind the beans. You can grind coffee beans into coarse or finely ground with best grinder for coffee beans. There are four grinding methods, burr-grinding, chopping, pounding, and roller grinding.
Burr-grinding uses two wheels or conical grinding elements. Roasted beans get crushed in between these two wheels. A frictional heat produces due to crushing that helps beans to release the oil of coffee. Burr-grinder has a wide range of settings so that it could give a various range of coffee grinds.
The chopping method uses a blade grinder to chop coffee beans. It usually rotates at a high speed of 20,000-30,000 rpm. It is cheaper than a burr grinder and usually a home blender. This method makes coffee dust, which causing the clog up the French presses and espresso machines. So, this grinding coffee use for drip coffee makers.
Pounding method using a mortar and pestle is the main procedure. It pulverizes the coffee beans into a fine ground.
In the roller grinding method, beans crushing between two corrugated rollers and keep the grind size even. It produces less heat during the grinding than other methods. This grinding using for commercial purposes such as Espresso and Turkish coffee. This is the journey of coffee beans to coffee cups.
Different Brewing Methods
Various coffee brewing methods using different types of ground. Some methods are easy, and some are taking a long period to brew. Few examples are stated below for your understanding.
French Press is a simple coffee brewing process, take only 4 minutes to brew. You need a medium-coarse ground coffee for this method. Also, this is your alternative to espresso machine. You can make espresso drink cheaply instead of a pricey espresso machine.
- At first, preheat your French press coffee maker and your cup.
- Then, put the coarse ground into the jar of the coffee press.
- Pour some boiling water into it and give a gentle stir with a spoon.
- Let it soak for 30 seconds so that it can begin extracting.
- Add more water (as you need) into the French press and stir it again. This time wait for three and a half of minutes more to bloom your coffee.
- Now, push down the plunger to hold the coffee grounds at the bottom.
- Finally, pour the coffee from the French press into a preheated cup. Enjoy a fresh cup of coffee.
The drip brew method is one of the old coffee brewing methods. For the drip coffee brewing method, you need paper filters to collect the coffee extract. You can use any ground coffee for drip coffee brewing. Drip coffee doesn’t contain the coffee bean oil. The paper filter absorbs the oil of the coffee beans. So, you may miss the fragrance of coffee a little bit but can have a strong coffee flavor. The drip coffee is also known as filter coffee.
- First, place the paper filter into the metal cone. You can place a filter over your coffee cup or a coffee pot.
- Then, put ground beans of coffee into the filter.
- Add hot water into the ground coffee. Let the water seeps through the filter. So, the filter can hold the used coffee ground.
- After seeps thoroughly, remove the filter paper from the container. Here is your black coffee. You can add milk, sugar, or other ingredients as you like.
Sometimes people get confused between pour over and drip coffee. Drip coffee and pour over are kind of similar but has their differences. For example, drip coffee brewing is automatic where pour over brewing is manual.
Turkish coffee brewing method is popular over Yemen, Turkey, and a few other countries. The ground beans used for Turkish coffee are finely ground. And they don’t use any filter in this method.
- At first, put the coffee powder into a pot with water and sugar. This pot is called Cezve in Turkey. Then place the pot on an oven.
- When the mixture is near to the boiling point and begins to forth, remove the pot from the heat. Then, one-third of the coffee pour into the cup and serves immediately.
- The remaining amount of mixture is again sent back to the oven and does the same as the second step. This can repeat for 2 or 3 times.
Moka pot is a coffee brewer device that uses steam pressure to brew coffee. This device has three parts. The bottom portion has water which is heating up with the help of a stove. For this reason, it is also called stovetop coffee. The middle portion contains ground coffee. You can use fine ground coffee for the Moka pot brewing method. The upper portion is a coffee container with a funnel and a metal filter underneath of this portion.
- Prepare a Moka pot with water and coffee grounds. Place the pot on a stove or a gas oven.
- Let it go to the boiling point temperature and create the pressure by the steam. Then, hot water goes through the ground with 1.5 bars of steam pressure. With this pressure, the coffee goes through the metal filter and the funnel to store into the upper portion.
- Lastly, pour the brewed coffee into a cup and drink. Some people called it espresso coffee instead of the Moka pot.
Frequently Asked Questions
Can you use coffee beans for espresso?
Of course, you can use regular coffee beans for espresso. Espresso drinks are making from coffee beans that come from the coffee plant. You can use both Arabica and Robusta beans for espresso. You need to dark roasted the coffee beans if you want to make an espresso shot. You can buy roasted beans or grounds from the market but pick the dark roast one.
How are coffee beans roasted?
Green beans are sending into a hopper for screening and removing debris. Then, carried to a storage hopper, from where beans send to the roaster. After that, beans are beginning roasting at the temperature of 347°F (175°C). At the end of the roasting process, roasted coffee beans bring out from the roasting chamber. Then let the roasted beans air-cooled with a draft inducer. You can roast coffee beans at home using kitchen equipment such as a frying pan, oven, and popcorn popper.
How to make regular coffee from espresso beans?
You can make regular coffee from espresso beans, but it may taste sour and tart than usual. If you are okay with the taste, then have a drink. You may use your regular brewing method as always. We recommend, try to use espresso beans to make espresso drinks.
What about espresso made with decaf beans?
Decaf beans are coffee beans from which about 97% of caffeine cuts off. This means nothing is changing about the coffee beans, but the amount of caffeine reduced. So, you can make espresso with decaf beans. You need to dark roasting the decaf beans and follow all the steps of espresso brewing. The taste of espresso doesn’t change because of the decaf beans. You are luckily consumed less caffeine because of the decaf beans.
What affects the taste profile of an espresso?
The taste of espresso may vary for the origin though it is not the crucial one. It depends on extracting methods. While brewing, you need to be more focused and knowledgeable about the dose, yield, and time. A fixed amount of finely coffee ground dose (22g) with the perfect amount of water (30ml) passed through in a limited time (30 seconds) makes a perfect espresso. So, you need to focus closely on the roasting and extraction method.
All this explanation and example make things crystal clear. As a coffee aficionado, you understand the differences between espresso and coffee beans. Though the regular coffee and espresso need different beans, both come from the same plant.
No matter which one is you making, espresso and coffee, the most important part of coffee is the coffee bean. Single origin beans come from a large single field. The purity and freshness are beyond question for single origin coffee.
The green beans got different names after the roasting process. Dark roasted coffee beans are familiar as espresso beans. On the other hand, coffee uses a wide range of roasting. You should be careful when you go to buy beans for your home use.
We like to recommend that pick dark roasted beans for espresso. Darker roasted beans give the natural shiny oil component while brewing under high pressure. It also changes the taste of espresso drinks than the other coffee drinks.
Enjoy Your Coffee!