Different Types of Coffee Drinks

Would you like a cup of coffee?

Okay. What kind of coffee do you like?

The core drink we get from an espresso machine is ‘Espresso’. We can turn them into any delicious variations by adding milk and other ingredients with respective ratio.

Like, for Americano its only espresso and hot water. Now, for Cappuccino and Latte, we add steamed milk and milk foam. Furthermore, for Café Mocha, we add chocolate with milk.

We have a variety of coffee drinks. Let’s explore in detail about different types of coffee drinks here.

The taste of coffee as a drink depends on its types, production process, coffee bean frying process, grinding for the powder of different sizes from fried coffee beans, and how to make as well as serve coffee from ground coffee beans.

When we are thinking about coffee drinks, we are thinking about one of the most traded and worldwide legal exciting drinks. Both the women and men of any community, faith, and age can drink it.  Every day people drink over 2.25 billion cups of coffee in the world.

We will take you to a new world of coffee, where you will become a coffee connoisseur one day, no doubt.

Types Of Coffee Beans

There are various kinds of coffee beans available worldwide depending on their species. And the numbers of species are near about 120 and more. The most commercially farming as well as popular species are-

  • Arabica
  • Robusta

Types of Coffee Roasts

Roasting procedures convert the physical and chemical properties of green beans into roasted coffee stocks. For roasting green coffee beans at home, we can use a special thin metal pan and a stirring spoon. We usually fry or roast coffee beans in three ways. They are-

  • Light roast
  • Medium roast
  • Dark roast

Types of Coffee Grinds

There are many things you need to consider when making the perfect cup of coffee. Form the perspective of a barista, nothing is as valuable as grind size.

Many people won’t believe this, but the size of the ground coffee that you use can affect the taste of your beverage. In the kingdom of coffee, it is prevalent as a general rule that coarser grinds need more time, and finer grinds need less time. Every type of coffee brewer requires a different grind size as well. The best coffee grinder for coffee beans will give you the best result.

It has a lot to remember on your own, so let me help you. We have made a list below so that you’ll never have to second guess for your grind size again.

Our regular used grind sizes are-

  • Extra Coarse Grind
  • Coarse Grind
  • Medium-Coarse Grind
  • Medium Grind
  • Medium-Fine Grind
  • Fine Grind
  • Extra Fine Grind

Types of Brewing Styles

Since there are many things we need to consider for making a perfect cup of coffee drinks, we have to pay special attention to brewing styles.

We can brew Coffee in several different ways, but we categorize all kinds of brewing methods into four main groups. We do classify them based on how we mix the water to the coffee grounds. The main four groups are-

  • Decoction or boiling
  • Infusion or steeping
  • Gravitational feed or Filtration methods
  • Pressurized percolation

Let’s take a peek closer to these four main methods.

Decoction or boiling:

In this process, we keep the temperature of the water closer to the boiling point, and it is almost 96 C. Do you know? It is the oldest and most common method of brewing coffee. Take some ground coffee in a pot and pour boiling hot water over it. Then wait for the coffee grounds to settle. From the top, we pour down the dissolved coffee. As a result of boiling water, the aromatic oils of roasted coffee beans gradually release. The acid compounds get free as well during thawing.

People use the oldest method of boiled brewing until the 1930s. It is a traditional method for making a cup of coffee. Nowadays, it is still used by the people of Nordic and Middle Eastern countries, in some parts of Indonesia.

The most popular varieties of the boiling method are-

Infusion or steeping:

Do you know what is the simplest way of making coffee?

We have called it Steeping or Infusion method. In this method, we add ground coffee to the hot or cold water and wait for extraction. It takes several hours for cold water and a few minutes for hot water to steep.

According to most coffee connoisseurs, steeping is one of the best ways of making beverages because it allows for longer tig between water and ground coffee. The method extracts superfluous nice flavors.

In the steeping process, you should not follow any special technique. Besides getting the measures and proper steeping time, you should not worry about anything. The most popular variations of the steeping method are-

  • The Coffee Bag
  • The French Press
  • The Soft Brew
  • The Vacuum Pot

Filtration methods:

Now I am talking about the classic coffee brewing method.

Do you guess? What is it? Yes, you are right. We have called it the filtration method.

In this method, we are pouring hot water over coffee grounds. Gravitational force pulls the hot water through the grounds, facilitating extraction, and dispenses extracted water into a pot placed below.

This classic method takes more water and time as well as produces a rich, balanced coffee. We use various types of filters to separate the sediment.

In pour over brewing, one question arises frequently. Which one is the best for pour over among Chemex Vs V60 Vs Kalita Wave?

The strength of coffee varies according to the grind size and ratio of water to coffee. Since this method uses gravity, so sometimes we have called the filtration method as Gravitational feed. The most popular variations of the filtration method are-

  • Cold Drip Brew
  • Hot Drip Brew
  • Pour-over brewing
  • Nitrous Coffee
  • Vietnamese Drip

Pressurized percolation:

Now I am talking about a tricky coffee brewing method. Do you guess anything new? No, we do call it pressurized percolation. In this brewing process, we use boiling water at a precise pressure through the ground coffee. We do use the pressure force almost 10 to 15 bars for this process.

We seldom use automatic electric machines, seldom plunger and pot. The most current varieties of pressurized percolation method are-

And that is all about the brewing method for you.

Different types of coffee drinks
and how to make them

So far, we have had numerous conversations about various coffee beans, bean roasting types, different grind sizes, and various brewing methods. Already you know how these affect the taste of the coffee. Don’t get confused, let’s see how we are combining them and producing different types of coffee drinks.

Types Of Espresso Drinks

In the world of coffee, the most famous type is espresso with a lot of variations.

When coffee was discovered back in 850 A.D. in Ethiopia, people started to drink coffee by brewing in hot water. That practice run nearly a thousand year before the first espresso machine was invented.

Espresso machine changed the nature of coffee drinking. We drink latte, Americano, Mocha, Cappuccino and many more are all variations of espresso.

There are lots of good espresso machines are available. Like

Everyone has their specialty in features. It’s a common myth that espresso machines are always expensive. That is a fallacious idea. There are many best affordable espresso machines available near our hand.

Espresso Shot (Solo):

It is the purest Espresso drink with a high amount of caffeine. Solo is originally called Single Shot Espresso. It is a normal strong Espresso drink.

  • Origin: Italy
  • Ingredients: finely ground beans (mostly dark roasted)
  • Cup Size: 2 oz ( holds 1 fluid oz, 30mg)
  • How Is It Made:
    • Force high pressured steam through finely grounded coffee beans
    • Use a split portafilter

Doppio:

It is the original Espresso drink with a higher amount of caffeine. Doppio is originally called Double Shot Espresso. It is a normal strong Espresso drink.

  • Origin: Italy
  • Ingredients: finely ground beans (mostly dark roasted)
  • Cup Size: 3 oz ( holds 2 fluid oz, 60mg)
  • How Is It Made:
    • Force high pressured steam through finely grounded coffee beans
    • Use duo portafilter

Americano:

In Italy, during the 2nd World War, the U.S. soldiers used water to ration the scarce amounts of Espresso available at that time. A larger amount of hot water is poured over into a small shot espresso-making a weaker and large cup of coffee. Americans used this, so the Italian called it Americano.

  • Origin: U.S.A.
  • Ingredients: Single-shot Espresso and hot water
  • Ratio: 1:2
  • Cup Size: 7 oz, Cappuccino cup
  • How Is It Made:
    • Take a Single Shot Espresso
    • Pour a double amount of hot water on it.

Long Black:

Long black is like Americano but the producing process is the opposite

  • Origin: Australia
  • Ingredients: Double shot espresso and 4 oz of water
  • Ratio: 1:2
  • Cup Size: 7 oz, Cappuccino cup
  • How Is It Made:
    • Pouring double shot espresso on the double amount of hot water

Café Macchiato:

Café Macchiato is a strong espresso drink with a few drops of frothed milk on the top. It is served in a traditional demitasse glass. Sometimes we call it Macchiato or Espresso Macchiato.

  • Origin: Italy
  • Ingredients: Espresso and dash of foamed milk or frothed milk.
  • Ratio: 2:1
  • Cup Size: 4 oz, Small size
  • How Is It Made:
    • Pouring a small amount of foamed milk or frothed milk on the top of strong espresso

Latte:

Latte is a coffee drink with captivating arts, preparing with espresso and steamed milk

  • Origin: Italy
  • Ingredients: Double shot espresso and 6 oz steamed milk
  • Ratio: 1:3
  • Cup Size: 8.5 oz, latte glass
  • How Is It Made:
    • In a serving glass, take espresso shots
    • Then add Steamed milk in an artistic form and serve

Latte Macchiato:

Latte macchiato coffee drink is a combination of Macchiato and Latte.

  • Origin: Italy
  • Ingredients: Double shot espresso, Frothed milk, Milk foam
  • Ratio: 1:1:1
  • Cup Size: 8.5 oz, latte glass
  • How Is It Made:
    • In a serving glass, add 2 oz frothed milk and pour Espresso shots over it
    • Now pour later part of the glass with Milk foam and serve

Cappuccino:

Cappuccino is an Espresso based popular Italian coffee drink. It is a traditional combination of three layers – Espresso, Steamed Milk, and Milk foam.

  • Origin: Italy
  • Ingredients: Double shot Espresso, Steamed Milk, and Milk foam
  • Ratio: 1:1:1
  • Cup Size: 8 oz, Large size
  • How Is It Made:
    • Adding equal part of Steamed milk (2 oz) on the top of Espresso (2 oz)
    • Then, add an equal part of Milk foam (2 oz) on the top of the Steamed milk.

Café AU Liat:

Café AU Liat is a traditional French style of coffee and milk combo. It is so much popular that you find it in European homes and cafes.

  • Origin: France
  • Ingredients: Strong hot coffee or Espresso, steamed milk, and sugar.
  • Ratio: 1:1
  • Cup Size: 8 oz
  • How Is It Made:
    • Pour equal part of steamed milk and hot coffee or Espresso shots in a large cup simultaneously
    • Add sugar and Stir well

Café Mocha:

It is an American variety of latte serving with chocolate. It’s another name is Mocha. The name is inspired from Port of Mocha, Yemen, from where the coffee started to export to the rest of the world.

  • Origin: U.S.A.
  • Ingredients: Double shot espresso, Hot chocolate, Steamed Milk, and Whipped cream
  • Ratio: 1:1:1
  • Cup Size: 8 oz, Large cappuccino cup
  • How Is It Made:
    • Poring espresso shots in a Cappuccino cup then, pour hot chocolate over the Espresso
    • Now pour steamed milk over the chocolate and add foam on the top.

Café Zorro:

Café Zorro is quite similar to Americano. It is a Spanish beverage.

  • Origin: Spain
  • Ingredients: Hot water, double shot Espresso, and sugar
  • Ratio: 1:1
  • Cup Size: 3 oz, Small tumbler glass
  • How Is It Made:
    • In a serving glass, take 2 oz hot water and pouring double shot espresso over it
    • Sugar can add according to taste and serve

Lungo:

Lungo is an Italian-style espresso coffee-producing with much more water. Lungo takes 1 minute to pull and fill 130 to 170 ml. It is less strong Espresso drink.

  • Origin: Italy
  • Ingredients: Ground coffee for espresso and steamed hot water
  • Ratio: Inflow and outflow water in fluid ounce 1:4
  • Cup Size: 3 oz, demitasse glass
  • How Is It Made:
    • Extracting a greater volume of coarser grind coffee for almost 60 seconds
    • Use a triple shot basket

Ristretto:

Ristretto is an Italian-style concentrated espresso coffee. It is also called a short shot. It is the opposite of Lungo. It is a very strong Espresso drink.

  • Origin: Italy
  • Ingredients: Ground coffee for espresso and steamed hot water
  • Ratio: Inflow and outflow water in fluid ounce 1:1
  • Cup Size: 3 oz, Demitasse glass
  • How Is It Made:
    • Extracting a double shot volume of fine grind coffee with half amount of water (30ml) for almost 30 seconds
    • Use a double shot basket and duo portafilter
    • Provide 0.75 oz espresso shot

Café Cubano:

Café Cubano is Cuba’s local and most popular coffee beverage. It has several alternate names such as cafecito, Cuban shot, Cuban espresso, Cuban pul, and Cuban coffee.

  • Origin: Cuba
  • Ingredients: Double Shot Espresso and 1/8 cup or 25g sugar
  • Cup Size: 3 oz, Small size Demitasse glass
  • How Is It Made:
    • At first, take sugar into an ice-cream server
    • Make Double Shot Espresso
    • Then take 2 teaspoons of Espresso
    • After melting the sugar pour rest of the Espresso
    • Beat well with a whisk, a light brown foamy Café Cubano is ready

Café crema:

  • Info: Café crema is a much longer brewed espresso. It is the weakest Espresso drink.
  • Origin: Italy
  • Ingredients: Hot water and dark roasted Robusta bean
  • Cup Size: 5 oz, Small cappuccino cup
  • How Is It Made:
    • Extracting a greater volume of coarser grind coffee for almost 30 seconds
    • Use a triple shot basket

Espresso Romano:

Espresso Romano is an Espresso shot with squeezed and sliced lemon

  • Origin: Italy
  • Ingredients: Single shot espresso, squeezed lemon juice, a slice of lemon
  • Cup Size: 3 oz, demitasse glass
  • How Is It Made:
    • In a serving glass, pour a shot of espresso, then squeeze a piece o lemon
    • Add a lemon slice at the top and serve

Guillermo:

Guillermo is a variety of espresso drinks served with a slice of lime. It is similar to espresso Romano.

  • Origin: Spain
  • Ingredients: Single or double espresso shot, squeezed lime, a slice of lime
  • Cup Size: 5 oz, Small cappuccino cup
  • How Is It Made:
    • In a serving glass, at first, squeeze a piece of lime and add a slice of lime
    • Then pour hot espresso shots over slices of lime and serve.
    • Optional: Add ice and sometimes with a touch of milk

Café Con Leche:

Café con Leche is a Hispanic mixture of strong and bold coffee with scalded milk. It is a very common drink to sit around the table at family gatherings in Spain.

  • Origin: Spain
  • Ingredients: Espresso or Strong coffee and scalded milk. Sugar according to taste.
  • Ratio: 1:1
  • Cup Size: 6 oz, Medium size
  • How Is It Made:
    • Take a single shot Espresso or 1 oz strong brewed coffee in a cup
    • Add 1 oz Scalded milk in the cup
    • Add sugar according to taste and serve

Galão:

Galão is a combination of hot espresso and hot Foamed milk.

  • Origin: Portugal
  • Ingredients: double shot espresso and 6 oz of hot foamed milk.
  • Ratio: 1:3
  • Cup Size: 8.5 oz, Large tumbler glass
  • How Is It Made:
    • In a serving glass, take a doppio at the bottom
    • Pour hot foamed milk on doppio and serve

Flat White:

Flat white coffee drink is a combination of espresso and frothed foamed milk. It is similar to Café AU Liat and Latte.

  • Origin: Australia and New Zealand
  • Ingredients: Double shot espresso and 4 oz steamed frothed milk
  • Ratio: 1:2
  • Cup Size: 7 oz, Cappuccino cup
  • How Is It Made:
    • In a serving cup, take Espresso shots,
    • pour double  part of steamed milk with foam on the top and serve

Types of Iced Coffee

Café con Hielo:

Café con Hielo is a Hispanic version of cold strong coffee.

  • Origin: Spain
  • Ingredients: Single-shot Espresso and ice cube
  • Cup Size: 5 oz, Small cappuccino
  • How Is It Made:
    • In a small serving cup, take ice cubes and pour a shot of Espresso
    • If sugar need, melt it before in Espresso

Freddo:

Freddo is a Greek version of espresso-based iced coffee known Freddo espresso as well.

  • Origin: Greece
  • Ingredients: Espresso shots, sugar, and ice-cube
  • Cup Size: 5 oz tumbler glass
  • How Is It Made:
    • In a cocktail shaker, take solo or doppio and sugar
    • Shake for making a foamy form
    • In a serving glass, add ice-cubes and pour the foamy espresso on ice and serve

Frappé:

Frappé is a Greek version of iced coffee. it is so much popular in Cyprus as well.

  • Origin: Greece
  • Ingredients: Instant coffee powder, sugar, cold water, ice-cube (5-6), and evaporated milk
  • Cup Size: 8.5oz, Large tumbler glass
  • How Is It Made:
    • In a cocktail shaker, take 2 tsp instant coffee, sugar, 0.5 oz water and shake till a thick foam
    • In a serving glass, add 2 tsp instant coffee powder at below, add 0.5 oz sugar water
    • Add 3-5 pieces ice cube and 3 oz cold water or cold milk
    • Add thick coffee foam on the top of the ice cube
    • Serve with a straw

Café Affogato:

In Italy, Affogato is an Italian dessert, but outside of Italy it is a coffee drink.

  • Origin: Italy
  • Ingredients: 1 scope Ice-cream, Single-shot Espresso
  • Cup Size: 5 oz, Small Cappuccino cup
  • How Is It Made:
    • In a cold small serving glass add 1 scoop ice-cream, then pour a shot of hot Espresso and serve

Coffee With Espresso

Red Eye:

Red Eye is a fortified coffee drink. It is a combination of Espresso and Normal drip coffee.

  • Origin: U.S.A.
  • Ingredients: Single Shot Espresso and dripped or brewed coffee
  • Ratio: 1:4 (1 oz Espresso: 4 oz Coffee)
  • Cup Size: 8 oz, Large size
  • How Is It Made:
    • Take a single-shot Espresso
    • Then, add 4 times of Drip coffee
    • Or vice versa

Black Eye:

Black Eye is an energizing coffee drink. It is a combination of Espresso and Normal drip coffee.

  • Origin: U.S.A.
  • Ingredients: Double Shot Espresso and dripped or brewed coffee
  • Ratio: 1:2 (2 oz Espresso:4 oz Coffee)
  • Cup Size: 8 oz, Large size
  • How Is It Made:
    • Take Double-shot Espresso
    • Then, add 4 times of Drip coffee
    • Or vice versa

Lazy Eye:

Lazy Eye is a stimulating coffee drink. It is a combination of Espresso and Normal drip coffee

  • Origin: U.S.A.
  • Ingredients: Double Shot Espresso and Decaffeinated dripped coffee
  • Ratio: 1:2 (2 oz Espresso:4 oz Coffee)
  • Cup Size: 8 oz, Large size
  • How Is It Made:
    • Take Double-shot Espresso
    • Then, add 4 times of Decaffeinated dripped coffee
    • Or vice versa

Dead Eye:

Dead Eye is an invigorated coffee drink. Some people call it as Dripped Eye. It is a combination of Espresso and Normal drip coffee.

  • Origin: U.S.A.
  • Ingredients: Double Shot Espresso and dripped or brewed coffee
  • Ratio: 3:4 (3 oz Espresso:4 oz Coffee)
  • Cup Size: 8 oz, Large size
  • How Is It Made:
    • Take Triple shot Espresso
    • Then, add 4 times of Drip coffee
    • Or vice versa


Frequently Asked Questions on Different Types of Coffee Drinks

What Is An Espresso?

Espresso is a compressed form of full-flavored coffee. Most of the time, it is used as a base for numerous coffee drinks. It is stronger, thicker, and higher in caffeine. For this reason, espresso is served in a smaller serving. This type of serving is known as ‘shots’.

We use quite fine ground coffee to make espresso. In the espresso Machine, pressurized hot water is forcing through the powdery coffee ground. As a result, it produces a heavy, smooth feel and thick, greasy, wooden or earthy like flavor with a brown foamy top. People call the foamy top as crema.

What is the most common type of coffee?

Espresso is the most common type of coffee. You find it in most cafés and coffee shops worldwide. Espresso is used as a base for making various types of coffee beverages like Triple Espresso Martini, Affogato, Flat white, Caffé Americano, Red eye, etc.

What type of coffee is the strongest?

When you think about the strongest coffee, you think about taking extra caffeine. The strongest coffees are always higher in caffeine. The world’s top-rated strongest coffees are-

  1. Biohazard Coffee
  2. Death Wish Coffee
  3. Black Insomnia
  4. Killer Coffee
  5. Espresso coffee
  6. Banned Coffee

Take a glance at the following table.

Name Amount of Caffeine in mg/oz Type of Bean Taste
Biohazard Coffee 77.33 Robusta Extremely strong and notes of earth, hazelnut & cherry
Death Wish Coffee 66.67 Undisclosed (though beans are sourced from Peru and India)   surprisingly palatable: strong, but not so much bitter or unpleasant
Black Insomnia 58.50 Undisclosed (most likely Robusta) strong and slightly bitter with nutty sweetness
Killer Coffee 53.75 Undisclosed (probably a blend of Robusta with Arabica) A mellow and strong flavor but not so bitter
Espresso coffee   40.00 Robusta A rich crema with heavy, thick and smooth, greasy and wooden like flavors
Banned Coffee 39.50 blend of Robusta with Arabica Strong and full body

What are the health benefits of bulletproof coffee?

Since Bulletproof Coffee is a combination of high-quality coffee beans, a medium-chain triglyceride, and unsalted butter, we consider it as a high-calorie coffee drink. Drinking a cup of Bulletproof Coffee every morning is better for your health. 

It enriches with Medium Chain Triglyceride has known as MCT and butter. MCTs are a particular kind of fat that needs fewer enzymes to break down for digestion. Comparing to other fats and sugar, MTCs produce less energy as well. Butter enriched with healthy fatty acids, Omega-3, and Omega-6.

According to health specialists, Bulletproof Coffee’s listed benefits are-

  • MCT oil has anti-microbial properties, so it is also suitable for our gut.
  • Healthy fatty acids, Omega-3, and Omega-6 enhance cognitive function and mainlines a shining dose of your mental clarity as well.
  • It accelerates the way of ketosis and helps to lose weight. It zaps the pestilent appetite as well.


Final Thoughts

Work, home, vacation – no matter where we are, coffee is one of companions. We love coffee.

Coffee is the second-most consumed non-alcoholic drinks in the world. People like variety in taste. Different types of coffee drinks gives us lot of options to take.

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