How To Use An Espresso Machine [ Step by Step Guide With Detailed Information]

Pulling an excellent shot of espresso is not as easy as judging its taste. You need to have the required skill of using espresso machines properly. With the combination of your skill and a good quality machine, you can brew fantastic cups of espresso.

Therefore, in today’s guide, we are going to share some steps on how to use an espresso machine effortlessly. We will also cover some crucial points like how to clean espresso machines, modern features of the espresso machines, choosing the right grinder for espresso, and many more.

So, without wasting any time. Let’s get started.

Espresso Machine: A Brief Overview

Basically, espresso makers are the machines that brew espresso by forcing pressurized hot water through finely grounded coffee. And that way, we can get a thick and concentrated liquid that is widely called Espresso.

The first Espresso machine was founded by Angelo Moriondo of Turin, Italy, in 1884. Since then, design and functionality have improved from time to time. In 1905 selling Espresso machine was started commercially on a small scale in Milan, Italy.

Nowadays, you can find a bunch of different types of Espresso machines at supermarkets. Each of them has its own functionality in producing delicious and flavorful Espresso. Now, let’s take a look at the different types of Espresso machines.

Types of Espresso Machine

In general, espresso machines have four different types pump-driven, steam-driven, lever-driven, or air-pump-driven. From them, pump-driven machines are the commonly used type. The reason is that they are easy to use, inexpensive, and is able to deliver excellent brewing output.

Hence, some folks refer to a pump-driven espresso machine as the best machine type for making espresso. You can divide pump-driven machines into three more types semi-automatic, automatic, and super-automatic.

With a semi-automatic espresso machine, you have to tamp the ground coffee, control the extraction time, and to froth milk on your own. While using an automatic espresso machine, you don’t need to turn the machine off manually. It turns off automatically after you finish brewing. Delonghi Ec702 is a great example of that.

On the other hand, Super-Automatic Espresso machines are entirely different from the previous two types. It’s like a barista that is entirely responsible for everything you need to do in order to get the desired cup of espresso. From grinding coffee to tamping, setting the portafilter, pulling shots, and frothing milk, it’s like an allrounder. Some of them are – Breville Barista Express, Jura A1.

How to Use An Espresso Machine [ Step By Step Guide ]

Before intending to make a perfect cup of espresso, it’s crucial to learn how to use espresso machines. Without the needed skill, the output may not be enjoyable, and the espresso may taste bitter or sour. For this reason, in this section of the guide, we will learn how to use an espresso machine properly in order to get delicious cups of espresso.

Step 01 (Fill the Water Tank)

First off, fill the water tank with clean water. Nowadays, most espresso makers have a labeled water tank, which helps to get a clear concept of required water for single or double shots. You may also find a water level indicator that will let you check the available water level accurately.

Step 02 (Preheat the Machine)

It’s important to preheat the espresso machine for at least 15 minutes before brewing. That way, the cup of espresso you will get after brewing will be excellent to drink. Most coffee connoisseurs do this preheating phase by pulling a blank shot.

At that time, hot water makes a precise environment for brewing espresso by letting the machine warm. Make sure the cup is placed right under the portafilter as well.

Step 03 (Grind the Coffee Beans)

When you are going to make espresso, it’s crucial to make sure the grind is fine enough. We have a detailed guide about how to use a coffee grinder, be sure to read that. Nowadays, you can see some of the Espresso makers that come with a built-in coffee grinder (De’Longhi La Specialista is a great example).

So, you have finely ground coffee. Now it’s time to set up the portafilter. But before that, detach it from the machine and clean it properly. Place the right basket in portafilter according to the size of your espresso shot.

Caution: Make sure to use the right basket for the single or double espresso; otherwise, the espresso may not turn out.

Step 04 (Fill the Portafilter With the Coffee)

Fill the portafilter with finely grounded coffee. Grinding coffee beans right before brewing delivers a superior taste to espresso. The standard amount for the single-shot is 6-8 grams, while around 15 grams for the double shot of espresso.

Step 05 (Tamp the Grounded Coffee)

You have placed the right amount of coffee grounds. It’s time to tamp them evenly by pushing downwards. This ensures delivering a strong-tasting shot of espresso. You can use regular tamper to get good results.

However, some of the espresso machines are available in the market that comes with a built-in tamper. After pushing enough downward pressure, give a quick spin with the tamper so that the top of the coffee puck can be polished.

Step 06 (Pull Your Shot)

We have done pretty much all the tasks accurately. It’s time to pull the shot. First off, re-attach the portafilter, and hopefully, you have found the green light indicator is ON for starting the process. Press the button to start the brewing.

Now, you may ask, “how long it takes for extracting?”. Well, ideally, a 25-30 second time range is pretty enough for brewing espresso. More or less time than this may deliver a bitter or sour cup of espresso that you don’t expect.

If you follow these six steps while brewing, you should get a perfect espresso cup at your own home using your best home espresso machine. You can get some more instructions from the user manual if you use any automatic or super-automatic machine. However, most home-maker feels comfortable with semi-automatic machines.

How Do Espresso Machines Work?

There are a bunch of espresso machines available at the market for brewing the perfect cups of espresso. But do you know how espresso machines work? 

In a nutshell, an espresso machine forces boiling point water through finely grounded coffee. As a result, you will find a thicker and concentrated coffee widely called Espresso.

An electric pump produces the pressure which is needed to flow the hot water through the portafilter. The boiler handles heating the hot water for brewing espresso. This nearly boiling water passes through the finely grounded coffee and ending in a great cup of espresso.

Modern and Smart Features of Espresso Machines

As we said earlier, you will find lots of cool features from a automatic and super-automatic espresso maker. That’s why some folks used to call this type of espresso maker a barista itself.

For example, you can connect your smartphone with Jura D6 and command from from it. That’s a really cool feature to have also in affordable price. Jura S8 also have this feature.

Some super-automatic espresso machine features cutting-edge internal components. As a result, they can grind the bean, tamp, brew, and even dump the coffee into a dump drawer.

There’s need no talk about the output of a super-automatic espresso machine. In short, if you want to enjoy every single cup of espresso, a super-automatic machine could the best option to go for.

Though, some of the semi-automatic and automatic machines are also available that also comes with some cool features like self-priming or turn the machine off automatically after a certain amount of time.

Super-automatic machines come with a bunch of smart features. That makes them unique from a semi-automatic or automatic machine. Touchscreen displays, Bluetooth connectivity, saving user’s preferences are some of them. 

We have reviewed some automatic espresso machines. You can have a look at – Jura S8 Review, Jura E6 Review, Jura E8 Review.


Hope you have got your answer on how to use espresso machine. We have tried to keep the whole guide simple so that everyone can understand and implement it efficiently.

If you have any thoughts regarding this complete guide, feel free to leave it in the comment section below we would love to hear from you. Also, make sure to share it with your friends and family and let them know.

Happy Brewing!

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