15 Different Ways to Brew Coffee [Step-By-Step Guide]

Coffee is the extraction of the coffee bean grounds that makes us refresh and energetic. Then why are various types of brewing styles on this earth?

As a coffee lover, you can easily sense the taste differences from French Press to Espresso. It happens due to the different roasting profiles, grind size, coffee-water ratio, and brewing parameters. As a result, we need diverse brewing methods to brew our favorite cups.

Let’s walk together to know the different coffee brewing methods from this article. Here, you will find both hot and cold coffee brewing methods. We also cover distinctive brewing methods like Chemex to French Press to Espresso.

Coffee & Coffee Making

Coffee is none other than the extraction of the coffee bean grounds. It boosts our energy and makes us refresh. You will find 40 mg amount of caffeine in every 100 grams of coffee. If you use decaf coffee beans, then it contains almost no caffeine.

Different coffee-making methods are responsible for the diverse taste of the coffee. We got many brewing methods at the variance of country and community. For instance, Turkish coffee comes from Turkey and has distinctive brewing methods. French Press is popular in Europe, America, Australia, and Africa. But, it has separate names according to the country. Though the origin of the Espresso drink is in Italy, it conquered the whole world. Dear fellow coffee lovers, do not worry. Here, I will describe different ways to brew coffee drinks. It starts from traditional to modern and slow-brewed to cappuccino.

So, do not make you more confused with different ways to brew coffee. This assiduous guide for different coffee brewing methods keeps you on the righteous track.

Different Coffee Brewing Methods

There are lots of coffee brewing methods of traditional to modern. Chemex, French Press, and Drip coffees equal popular since the seventeenth century. But, the demands of these coffees never lessen. So, I will not corner up these coffees as traditional. Reasonably I am going to highlight every distinctive brewing method.

Pour-over coffee


Chemex coffee maker uses pour-over brewing method. Chemex is a glass coffeemaker. The hour-glass shape flask combines with a conical funnel neck. There is a wooden collar around the neck to block the heat burn your hand. A leather thong tied this wooden collar with the flask. This whole appearance makes the coffeemaker distinctive and appealing. The glass neck holds the proprietary bonded filter paper with coffee. It is thicker than regular filter papers. So, the dissolved things cannot pass through the filters and make clear drinks. This filter also enhances the taste entirely removes the bitterness of coffee. It also takes off the cafestol from your sips. Now, check the equipment and brewing process. 

Required equipment:

  • A chemex coffeemaker
  • Filter paper: Proprietary bonded filter
  • Medium-sized coffee ground
  • Gooseneck kettle
  • Serving cups

Brewing process

  • Put the paper filter into the flask neck and rinse it with hot water.
  • Throw away the water into the sink.
  • Put medium or coarser ground coffee into the filter.
  • Add a slight amount of 93-96 °C (195-205 °F) hot water into the grounds and give a gentle stir.
  • Then add more water in a spiral way. Use a gooseneck kettle to control the water flow.
  • After passing all the water through the filter, remove the filter from the fennel. This process may take 3-5 minutes.
  • Now, your coffee is ready. Pour and serve when you need.

Cup brewers

Cup brewers are also the pour-over coffee brewers. There are 2 types of cup brewers. One is cone brewers, and the other is flat brewers. Some cup brewers are Kalita Wave, Hario V60, Bee House, and Melitta brewers. Depending on the brands, there are 1 to 3 holes in the pour-over cup brewers. These holes control the water flow during the brewing process. Since the hole numbers vary, brewing time also varies. Different brewers use different types of filter papers. Easy cleaning is another facility for these brewers. Sometimes, these cup brewers refer to cup drippers as well. During brewing, you can fit these brewers above anything. The reason is each brewer has an extended flat bottom. There are also automatic pour over coffee brewers.

Required equipment:

  • A flat or cone brewer
  • Filter paper: cone or cup filters
  • Corse to medium-sized coffee ground
  • Gooseneck kettle
  • Serving cups or a carafe

Brewing process

  • Set the cup brewers with a filter on a container or carafe. Also, pour some hot water to heat the coffee collector and brewer.
  • Empty the coffee collector and put the required amount of coffee ground into the filter.
  • Add some water so that it can bloom the taste. Sometimes a gentle stir may need to help the process.
  • Now, start adding hot water slowly. Use de-centric or centric spiral style for pouring hot water into the ground.
  • Wait and let the water passing thoroughly into the collector.
  • Remove the used ground and the brewers over your cup.
  • Your coffee is ready to enjoy.

French Press

French Press is an Italian-style coffeemaker. The name of the French Press varies from country to country. It is consists of a cylindrical carafe and a plunger. The plunger is attached to the lid. There has a filter combination to hold the ground at the bottom. It connects with the other side of the plunger. The design history started in the mid 18th century. Since then, it outlasts popular among coffee lovers. The cleaning process is easy. But, you may struggle a little while assembling them after a deep cleaning. The brewing process is more straightforward than the pour-over brewing process. Since there is a metal filter at the bottom of the plunger, you do not need any external filter papers. So, the drink is cloudier than the pour-over drinks.

Required equipment:

  • A French Press coffeemaker
  • Corse to medium-sized coffee ground
  • Filter paper: no external filter is needed
  • Hot water kettle
  • Serving cups or a carafe

Brewing process

  • Heat the French Press carafe and the cup you are serving with hot water.
  • Empty the carafe and put the ground coffee in it.
  • Add a slight amount of 93–96 °C (199–205 °F) hot water and stir it properly. Wait for 30 seconds to bloom.
  • Then add the rest amount of in the French Press. Stir it again and close the lid. Now, let it sit for 3-4 minutes more to extract from the coffee grounds.
  • Now, push the plunger down until you reach the surface of the coffee grounds.
  • Pour the liquid into your cup and take a sip.


A coffee percolator has two chambers. One is a water chamber, and the other is a coffee chamber. The water level should be a bit below the coffee chamber. There is a vertical tube at the middle of the percolator from the bottom to the top. It carries boiling bubbles to the top and releases them underneath the lid. The spreader plate distributes the water over the grounds. The extraction of the coffee goes into the water chamber. It repeats as long as the water is boiling. You can find both electric and manual percolators in the market. Also, there are glass and stainless steel-made coffee percolators from different brands. It is easy to keep track of the coffee color while brewing in the glass percolator.

Required equipment:

  • A coffee Percolator
  • Corse coffee ground
  • Filter: no external filters
  • Drinking water
  • A heat source
  • Serving cups or a carafe

Brewing process

  • Take a clean coffee percolator and put the drinking water at first. Be careful because the water level must be below the coffee chamber.
  • Set up the vertical tube and coffee chamber.
  • Take the coarse ground coffee and put the coffee chamber lid on. Close the percolator lid.
  • Now, put it on a heat source such as a stove or range.
  • When the boiling bubbles go up, the water gradually changes into the coffee colors. Wait for a while so that the water can reach the boiling point. It may take 3 minutes or a bit more in the manual coffee maker.
  • Do not let the water boil this time. So, control the heat as you need the taste would be. Remove the percolator according to your coffee strength. But, do not brew for more than 7 minutes. It will make the taste bitter.
  • Remove the coffee chamber before pouring your coffee. Now, it is time to enjoy the percolator coffee in your mug.

Drip coffees: Clever dripper

Coffee drippers are nearly similar to pour-over cup brewers. The clever dripper is a cone-shaped cup brewer with a lid at the top and a lock at the bottom. It takes coffee grounds and water and sits 3-4 minutes for steeping. When you place the cleaver dripper on a cup or carafe, the bottom lock gets open. Then, coffee comes out to the cup through the filter paper. The whole process takes 5 minutes to perform in total. The coffee is light, clear, and well extracted. This manual dripper is easy to clean as well.

Required equipment:

  • A Cleaver dripper coffeemaker
  • Medium-sized coffee grounds
  • Filter: paper filter
  • Gooseneck hot water kettle
  • Serving cups or a carafe

Brewing process

  • Take a clean cleaver dripper and set the filter paper.
  • Heat the brewer and cup with hot water.
  • Put the medium-ground coffee and add hot water to it. Close the lid of the cleaver dripper.
  • Wait for 2 minutes and give a gentle stir. Then, close the cap again and wait 2 minutes more.
  • Now, place the dripper on the cup or carafe. It will take 1 minute to drain the extraction to the cup.
  • The coffee is ready to drink. Add additives if you want.

Cold brew coffee

Most people think that cold brew and iced coffee are similar. But, the truth is these are not similar at all. Naturally, the cold brew coffee takes a long time to brew. You need a minimum of 16-20 hours of brew time. It is good if you keep it in the refrigerator overnight while brewing. If you do not have a freezer, you can brew it at room temperature. You can use French Press or coffee drippers to do cold brew. Cold-brew can serve with ice cubes, milk, chocolates, and other ingredients. Cold-brewed coffee is less acidic and less bitter than regular hot coffees.

Required equipment:

  • A French Press or coffee dripper
  • medium-coarse coffee ground
  • Filter: Cheese cloths or paper filter
  • Regular drinking water
  • Refrigerator or ice cubes
  • Serving cups or a carafe

Brewing process

  • Simply take your clean French Press or another coffee brewer.
  • Put required coffee ground into the coffee brewer.
  • Pour the drinking water at room temperature. Stir it perfectly so that the grounds soak into the water.
  • Close the lid of French Press or other brewers. Do not press the plunger down at this moment.
  • Now keep the brewer in the refrigerator for 16-20 hours.
  • Bring out the brewer from the refrigerator. Press the plunger down now to pour it into the carafe or cups. If you use another container that has no filter, then collect the extract after filtering. You can use filter paper, cheesecloths, or others.
  • Serve the cold-brewed coffee with ice cubes, chilled water, or other additives.

Note: Cold-brewed coffees are usually the concentrated extract. So, you must add water or ice cubes to dilute it before serving. 

You can reheat the cold brew coffees in two ways. Firstly, add hot water into the concentrated cold brew coffee. Secondly, you can heat it on the stove just for few minutes or microwave it for 30 seconds.


Siphon coffeemaker or vacuum coffee maker is the same. It has two chambers, a water chamber, and a ground chamber. This Siphon coffeemaker brews coffees with vapor pressure and gravity. Usually, the ground chamber sets above the water chamber. In some Siphon coffeemakers, the ground chamber is beside the water chamber sometimes. Both chambers connect through a balancing rod. This rod controls the heat source and brewing mechanism. So, it has another name balancing Siphon as well. It is one of the old brewing methods. Siphon coffeemaker usually makes with borosilicate glass, metal, or plastic. There is a glass rod that connects the water and ground chamber. You can use filters of paper, cloth, and nylon. It uses the siphon technique to brew coffee. The setup also provides you the feeling of a chemical laboratory.

Required equipment:

  • A Siphon coffeemaker
  • Medium-sized coffee ground
  • Filter: paper, cloth, or nylon filters
  • Drinking water
  • A sprite lamp
  • Serving cups or a carafe

Brewing process

  • Put a cup of drinking water into the water chamber of the Siphon coffeemaker. And set a filter at the bottom of the ground chamber. Put the ground chamber above the water chamber. In balancing Siphon, set both chambers to side by side.
  • Lit up the sprite lamp and put it beneath the water chamber.
  • When all the water vapors go up to the ground chamber, then put the ground coffee into it. Soak the grounds very well.
  • Remove the heat source or turn it off at this time.
  • After a while, the water chamber cools down and, the air gets condensed. Then, the extraction of coffee comes back to the water chamber through the filter and the tube.
  • Take off the ground chamber and pour the brewed coffee in a mug or cup.

Moka Pot (Stovetop Espresso)

Moka Pot coffeemaker uses steam pressure to brew the fine ground coffee. It has 3 chambers, a water chamber, ground chamber, and coffee collector chamber. It is considered as traditional espresso since it brews under 1.5 bar steam pressure. It creates very little crema as the Espresso does. As it is put on the stove to heat stovetop is another common name. Depending on the concept of Moka Pot, modern espresso machines are building.

Required equipment:

  • A Moka Pot coffeemaker
  • Fine ground coffee
  • Filter: Attached with coffee chamber
  • Drinking water
  • A stove
  • Serving cups or a carafe

Brewing process

  • Fill up the below 2 chambers with water and coffee grounds correspondingly.
  • Then, set the coffee collector and the lid. Now place it above a stove and lit up.
  • Let it boil and make steam. When the vapor pressure is high enough, it drives the water into the upper chamber through the ground.
  • When the water chamber gets almost empty, it makes a gurgling sound known as Strombolian. It is time to stop brewing and remove the Moka Pot from the stove.
  • Now take the coffee collector and pour the coffee into a cup to serve.


Aeropress is a portable and manual coffeemaker. In 2005, Alan Adler makes the design like a syringe. It has a cylindrical chamber with an airtight silicone seal plunger. The ground coffee and water are putting into the cylinder for steeping. Then, filter the coffee by pressing the plunger. Aeropress can brew high concentrated drinks nearly to espresso drinks. So, additional water may need before serving. You can use both traditional and inverted brewing methods to brew in Aeropress. It will take 30-60 seconds for steeping. And 1-2 minutes to perform the overall process. You can also make cold-brewed coffee in Aeropress.

Required equipment:

  • An Aeropress coffeemaker
  • Fine ground coffee
  • Filter: paper filter
  • Hot drinking water
  • Serving cups or a carafe

Brewing process

  • Take a clean Aeropress and place the paper filter.
  • Pour some hot water to heat the Aeropress and the cup. Then drain the water into the sink.
  • Take 14-20 grams of fine ground coffees into the Aeropress. And add water of 80-92 °C (176-198 °F).
  • Give a 10 seconds gentle stir so that coffee grounds can draw all the way.
  • Place the lid and put the Aeropress on a cup or carafe. Wait for 30-60 seconds for steeping the coffee.
  • If you use the inverted brewing method, then invert your Aeropress with the help of a coffee cup or carafe.
  • Now, push the plunger down. The coffee extraction accumulates in the cup.
  • Put additives if needed. Otherwise, coffee is ready to serve.


Espresso is the most popular drink among modern-era coffee lovers. In 1901, the first espresso machine introduced in Italy. Espresso coffee drink brews under high pressure and temperature. It has dissolved solids that make the drink thicker than other coffee drinks. A minimum of 9-10 bars and 90 °C (190 °F) is required. Espresso is the base form of many drinks. You can make Americano to cappuccino to caffé mocha from espresso drink. The total caffeine is more limited than regular coffee drinks since it serves in a small amount. It contains 65mg caffeine, while regular coffee holds 150-200 mg caffeine.

Required equipment:

Brewing process

  • Fill the water reservoir with drinking water. You may also use tap water since every espresso maker has a water filter to clean it.
  • Take the fresh fine ground coffee in your portafilter and tamp it properly.
  • Set the portafilter into the group head and place a cup under the portafilter.
  • Press the start button to start brewing.
  • The espresso maker brews under 90 °C (190 °F) and has a minimum of 9-10 bars pressure. This brewing process needs 30 seconds on average.
  • After the end of the brewing, you can serve espresso drinks directly. You may put some additives if you like.

Turkish coffee

The brewing process of Turkish coffee is different than any other coffee brewing method. Turkish coffee brewed in a Cezve, a small long-handled pot with a pouring lip. The origin of Turkish coffee is the Ottoman Empire. It is also called Ibrik coffee in other places. Coffee and water are boiled with sugar. But it is not boiled for too long. This coffee is served in traditional “Kahve fincanı”, a small porcelain coffee cup. In Turkish coffee, a lot of ground coffee is in a suspension state, which is a drink with coffee. Usually, Turkish coffee does serve with Turkish delight or sweets.

Required equipment:

  • A Cezve pot
  • Extra fine ground coffee
  • Filter: no filter paper is needed
  • Drinking water
  • A heat source
  • Serving cups

Brewing process

  • Take a clean Cezve where Turkish coffee is brewing.
  • Put extra fine ground coffee, water, and sugar at Cezve together. Give a decent stir so that coffee and sugar dilutes.
  • Set it on the heat source and wait for 5-10 minutes to brew. Use low heat for brewing Turkish coffee. Otherwise, it will over-extract the coffee.
  • When it reaches the boiling point, remove the Cezve from the heat source.
  • Pour the drink of Cezve into the serving cups. You may add the flavor of cardamom, salep, or mastic if you like.
  • Serve the Turkish coffee with sweets, chocolates, or any desserts.

Vietnamese coffee

Vietnamese coffee is also familiar with Vietnamese iced coffee. The traditional name of this coffee is Cà phê đá. They use a small metal drip set Phin cà phê to brew this coffee. It is like the pour-over coffee brewing method. But, it does not discharge the liquid as quickly as pour-over. They use dark roasted coarse grounds to make this drink. They brew it with hot water but serve it with ice as a cold drink. There are few other variants of this Vietnamese coffee. Condensed milk at the bottom of the brewed cup makes the serving drink too sweet. Sometimes, they use coconut milk to give it a different flavor. Egg coffee or Cà phê trứng is another variation. They use condensed milk, chicken egg yolk, and brewed coffee. Unlike the Cà phê đá, it serves as hot. Sometimes, they lit up a small candle to keep the temperature steady. This egg coffee is familiar in Hanoi, Vietnam.

Required equipment:

  • A phin cà phê drip set
  • Corse ground coffee
  • Filter: no external filter is needed
  • Drinking water
  • A gooseneck kettle
  • Serving cups

Brewing process

  • Put the sweet condensed milk at the bottom of the cup that you use for brewing. If you do not like sweet, then skip this step.
  • Place the metal plate of the Phin cà phê above the cup. Then put the metal cup of the Phin. Both the base and cup have lots of small holes at the bottom. It helps the coffee to brew evenly.
  • Now put the required amount of coarse ground coffee into the Phin. After that, place the filter press on the ground. It helps the water distribution even.
  • Pour a small amount of hot water to bloom the coffee. Wait for 30 seconds. It is the infuse part of brewing.
  • Now, pour the water and fill the Phin cup. Of course, close the lid for a better brew.
  • You may need to add more water once or twice. And, the whole brewing process will not take more than 5 minutes.
  • After the end of the brew, remove the Phin cà phê drip set. Stir gently so that the brewed coffee mix with the condensed milk.
  • Now serve it with ice. You can drink the planned coffee if not like the sweet flavor of condensed milk.

Cowboy coffee

Cowboy coffee has the simplest way to brew. Cowboys or field workers brew this coffee. A lot of coffee is brewing to serve a bunch of people who work in the field. They brew coffees twice or thrice a day. There is no fixed amount of coffee to brew. It depends on how many people work in the field. As usual, cowboys do not put any additives in their coffees. They tasted it raw as it is.

Required equipment:

  • A large size of the kettle
  • Corse ground coffee
  • Filter: no filter paper is needed
  • Drinking water
  • A heat source
  • Serving cups

Brewing process

  • Take the kettle and pour the water into it.
  • Place it on the heat source and let it boil.
  • Remove the kettle from the heat source and wait for 30 seconds.
  • Add ground coffees and stir it. Now, wait for 2 minutes.
  • Again agitate it and pour half a cup of drinking water so that every ground can soak well. And, wait 2 more minutes.
  • Now, pour the coffee extraction into cups and serve yourself.

Coffee Brew Bag

The coffee bag brewing method is similar to the tea bag brewing method. This coffee bag is not bulk in size. Preferably, it contains a small amount of coffee to serve in a cup. Each small coffee pouch has 7.5-12 grams of coffee grounds. You do not need a tremendous setup for using coffee bags. It is a simple and easy method to make coffee drinks. But the taste is very light and has no rich flavor as other brewing methods.

Required equipment:

  • Coffee brew bags
  • Corse or medium ground coffee
  • Hot drinking water
  • Serving cups

Brewing process

  • Rip the outer packet and put the coffee brewing bag in a cup.
  • Add boiling water into the cup.
  • Wait for 3-4 minutes. You can stir the liquid if you are not doing open bag brewing. Some coffee bags need to open up for brewing.
  • Remove the coffee brewing bag and start taking a sip.

Instant coffee

Instant coffee is none other than the extra-fine ground. Sometimes this ground coffee is mixed with power milk and sugar. You merely need to add hot water into it and drink. It is easier than the coffee brewing bag method. It is not time-consuming at all. But it could not provide the complex flavor of coffee in cups.

Required equipment:

  • Instant coffee
  • Extra fine ground coffee
  • Hot drinking water
  • Serving cups

Brewing process

  • Take a cup and put the needed amount of instant coffee in it.
  • Add hot water and stir it until the coffee ground dissolved in the water.
  • The coffee is ready and ready to please you.

What Is The Best Coffee Brewing Method?

Different types of coffee brewing methods let you taste the distinctive flavor of cups. You have to consider a lot of things if you want to know the best brewing method. It is not an easy task to find the best process among different coffee making methods.

The dominant parameters that we need to consider for the best brewing method are,

  • Taste of the coffee drink
  • Sweet or bitter
  • Rich and smooth flavor of coffee
  • Clear or cloudy coffee drink
  • The amount of brewing coffee
  • The time complexity of the brewing method
  • Is the brewing method complicated or simple?
  • Roasting profile of coffee beans
  • Grind size of coffee beans
  • No additives while comparing coffee drinks

Yes, it is very complex to determine the best brewing methods for coffee. But I can help you out here. We do not want to go and pick one for you blindly. Preferably we categories and suggest to you the best brewing methods. Because we believe, every person is distinctive and has their preferences. So, selecting only one process will not work out for the rest 99% of people. Pick the suitable one from the below list.

Among the pour-over collections,

  • Chemex: clear, light, and less bitter drink.

When you are the only person and need a single brewer:

  • French Press: small, thick, rich, and intense flavor with easy brewing.
  • Moka Pot: heavy, smooth and rich flavoring with fine ground brewing.

Are you getting together with family or friends at your place? You need to brew a bunch of coffee to drink together. Pick one from below.

  • French Press
  • Pour-over or Drip
  • Espresso

On summer days, pick cold-brewed coffee directly. It doesn’t matter whether you are alone or among others. You can brew it from a single cup to a large jar.

  • French Press
  • Espresso based cold drinks

In case you are at the camping sites:

  • Aeropress: portable, simple, thick, and with less brewing time.
  • Kalita Wave or Hario V60 (steel and copper made): portable, simple, light drinks.

Except for all regular coffees, Espresso drinksmake their place in the heart of coffee lovers. If you want to brew at home, then use,

  • Automatic espresso machine

If you want a pleasant and eye-soothing brewing, then perform in a laboratory setup. It will give you different satisfaction.

  • Siphon
  • Percolator

Do you have a special occasion or party at your place? You may try a particular coffee brewing process to impress your guest.

  • Espresso
  • Turkish coffee
  • Vietnamese coffee

If you have no time but curving for coffee badly, then you can try these. Maybe caffeine is your only priority.

  • Coffee brewing bag
  • Instant coffee

How to Find a Best Cup for You?

If you brew coffee at yourself, then this is the right place you get inside. Maybe you are not satisfied with the coffee that you are drinking. Then, you may try other coffee-making methods to know if there is any that suits you. It is a wise decision to vary the roasting profile and use different ways to brew coffee. Use a record chart to note down the flavors to find out your favorite cup of joe. Of course, it is a time-consuming way to check different coffee brewing methods. You may get bored as well. But trust me; you will thank me later for this.

What points should be in your testing chart? Follow the below suggestions.

You can record other parameters if you want. Those may include brewing temperature, water types, and others.


I hope now you are satisfied with those detailed brewing methods. If you are unhappy with your current cup, then try another from the above list. Since we mentioned the equipment, it will not be hard to start. Remember our testing suggestion if you brew your cup. It will take some time of yours, but you can have your favorite. So, what are you waiting to do? Brew coffee using your favorite method and enjoy the last sip of the java.

Happy Brewing!

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